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SafetyTips for Children Grades K-5

Sexual Assault

Most grown-ups are nice to kids and care about what happens to them. But every now and then there are grown-ups who try to touch a child in a way that is not okay. It might be a person you know and trust, like a relative, teacher or neighbor.

There are a few things you should know that can help if this ever happens to you:
bulletYour body belongs to you.
bulletNo one has the right to touch you, if you don't want them to. That includes teachers, grandparents, uncles and aunts, mom, dad -- everyone!
bulletThere are places on your body that are private -- like places your swimming suit covers -- that an adult should not try to touch, unless it's the doctor and your parent or guardian is in the room with you.
bulletTrust your feelings. If something feels funny or wrong to you, YOU CAN SAY NO. It is good to say no to an adult who tries to do something that is wrong.
bulletTell someone you trust what happened, even if the person said it was a secret or that they would hurt you or someone else if you told.
bulletIf someone does something to you that is wrong, they may tell you it is a special secret or make you promise not to tell. TELL! It is absolutely okay to break this kind of promise -- the person who made you promise knows that they are doing something very wrong.
bulletKeep telling until someone listens. Some adults do not know what to do when a young person tells them about sexual abuse. An adult may tell you not to talk about it or to forget it. They may even accuse you of making up stories. Don't give up. Find someone to tell who will help. The adult who gave you this paper cares about you. She or he might be a good person for you to talk to.

Remember, adults and older kids should:
bulletNever ask you to keep a secret about touching.
bulletNever touch you anywhere that is private, like where your bathing suit covers you.
bulletNever ask you to touch them anywhere private.
bulletNever reach under your clothes or try to get you to take off your clothes.
bulletNever ask you to take off their clothes.
bulletNever ask you to keep a secret about something wrong.
bulletNever try to take pictures of you without your clothes.
bulletNever ask you to touch yourself or other kids anywhere private.

Preventing Abduction
bulletDon't play in deserted areas -- such as empty playgrounds, parks, construction sites or dumps.
bulletStay with your mom or dad in public places or use the buddy system. Play, walk, bike and skate with a friend.
bulletIf you are out somewhere with an adult and you lose them, don't go looking for them. If you are in a store, go to the cashier or security guard and ask for help. If you can't find a cashier or security guard and you are in trouble, look for a woman with small children for help.
bulletStay alert and trust your instincts. If something doesn't feel right, like you think someone is following you, you are probably right. Try to notice if an adult is hanging around your school playground, your park or yard, and then go to where you know you can find other people.
bulletIf you think someone is following you, cross the street and go into a store. Tell a police officer or a mother with a child. Don't try to hide -- go to where you know you can find other people.
bulletIf someone tries to grab you, kick, punch and yell: "NO! I don't know you! You aren't my Mom (or Dad)!"
bulletIf the person is in a car, stay as far away from the car as you can. Go into a store or turn around, and walk or run in the opposite direction the car is going.
bulletNEVER, ever hitchhike or accept a ride from someone. Don't go near a stranger's car. NEVER get into a car with someone you don't know, for any reason. Sometimes people use tricks -- like saying your mom is hurt, or they lost their dog or kitten -- to try and get you to go with them. DO NOT GO WITH THEM!
bulletIf someone does manage to get you in their car, do not put on your seatbelt. Jump out when you see people and the car has to make a stop.

If you are trapped in an abductor's car:
bulletDon't sit there quietly. The person is taking you somewhere and wants to hurt you.
bulletIf the car has back doors, try to scramble quickly to the back seat while the car is moving.
bulletTry to jump out of a car that is going slow or has to stop. Try to open a window and scream.
bulletTry to reach over and blow the horn, or grab the steering wheel. Scream as loud as you can while you do this.
bulletIf the car is stopped or slowed behind another car, reach over with your foot and quickly stomp on the gas pedal as hard and as long as you can.   This is a time you will be much safer if you cause an accident than if you behave.

Safety at Home

bulletMany kids get home before their parents. If you come home before your mom or dad, make sure the first thing you do is call and let your mom or dad know you got home okay.
bulletIf you come home and a window in your house is broken or a door is open that shouldn't be, don't go in. Go to a trusted neighbor, or find a phone and call 911.
bulletIf you have to stay after school or want to play or study with a friend, tell your mom or dad.
bulletDon't leave your home without asking your mom or dad first. Make sure a parent knows where you are going and for how long. Always tell your mom or dad where you will be and when you will be home.
bulletWhen your family is home and the doorbell rings, always find out who it is and ask your mom or dad before you open the door.
bulletIf you are home alone, never open the door -- unless you can see that it is a relative or a specific person who your mom or dad said would come over to stay with you.
bulletNEVER tell someone you are home alone, whether they call on the phone or come by your house. Ask your mom or dad what they would like you to say, like: "My Dad's in the shower, can he call you when he gets out?"
bulletNEVER give information to anyone over the phone about yourself, your family or where you live. Hang up on anyone who calls to bother you or who says bad things on the phone.
bulletAsk your mom or dad for permission to go outside of your play area or yard or to go into someone's home.
bulletIf you have a babysitter that hits you, touches you or makes you play games that embarrass you, tell a trusted adult, even if the babysitter told you not to.
bulletKeep all the windows and doors in your home locked.
bulletIf someone tries to break into your home, call 911 immediately and give them your full address, including your apartment number if you have one. Tell them that you are at home and someone is trying to break in. Then, try calling a neighbor you know is usually home. If you can get out of the house, get out. If you can hide, hide.

Gun Safety

bulletIf someone picks on you or threatens you, tell your parent or a trusted adult. You don't have to deal with this by yourself.
bulletIf you get into an argument, don't let it grow into a fight. Cool off . . . walk away if that would help.
bulletDon't carry a weapon. You could hurt or kill someone or yourself without meaning to. The weapon could also end up being used against you. Some kids say they carry a gun or knife for protection, but the truth is if you carry a weapon you are more likely to get hurt.
bulletIf you find a gun anywhere, DON'T TOUCH IT. The gun could be loaded and dangerous. It could also be a gun that the police are looking for because it was used in a crime. Tell your mom or dad or a trusted adult or call 911 to tell the police you found a gun.
bulletIf someone shows you a gun, DO NOT TOUCH IT. Guns are not toys. They can kill someone or hurt them very badly. Kids have been accidentally killed by guns, sometimes by their best friends.
bulletTell the person that you don't want to be around guns because someone could get hurt or killed. Get away from the gun and the person.
bulletTell a trusted adult about the gun. It's okay to tell about guns. You could help stop the person with the gun from getting hurt.
bulletIf you hear gunfire, duck. Get down as low as you can and cover your head.

 FYI: A Program of the National Center for Victims of Crime.

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Copyright 1998 by the National Center for Victims of Crime.  This information may be freely distributed, provided that it is distributed free of charge, in its entirety and includes this copyright notice.


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